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    Punica Granatum

    1. Jeeplex SFO.
    Jeen International Corporation, 24 Madison Road, Fairfield, New Jersey 07004, USA.

    "Jeeplex SFO is a complex of Acai Fruit Oil and Pomegranate Seed Oil and is a powerful natural antioxidant and skin conditioning active. Acai Fruit Oil is known for its many beneficial properties such as increasing energy levels and skin appearance. It is rich in Fatty Acids and Polyphenols. Pomegranate Seed Oil helps to improve skin elasticity and reduce the appearance of fine lines. Together, the two natural components also impart excellent moisturisation properties."

    2. Pomegranate as a cosmeceutical source: pomegranate fractions promote proliferation and procollagen synthesis and inhibit matrix metalloproteinase-1 production in human skin cells.
    J Ethnopharmacol. 2006; 103(3):311-8 (ISSN: 0378-8741).Aslam MN; Lansky EP; Varani J.Department of Pathology, The University of Michigan Medical School, 1301 Catherine Road/Box 0602, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.

    "Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is an ancient fruit with exceptionally rich ethnomedical applications. The peel (pericarp) is well regarded for its astringent properties; the seeds for conferring invulnerability in combat and stimulating beauty and fertility. Here, aqueous fractions prepared from the fruit's peel and fermented juice and lipophilic fractions prepared from pomegranate seeds were examined for effects on human epidermal keratinocyte and human dermal fibroblast function. Pomegranate seed oil, but not aqueous extracts of fermented juice, peel or seed cake, was shown to stimulate keratinocyte proliferation in monolayer culture. In parallel, a mild thickening of the epidermis (without the loss of ordered differentiation) was observed in skin organ culture. The same pomegranate seed oil that stimulated keratinocyte proliferation was without effect on fibroblast function. In contrast, pomegranate peel extract (and to a lesser extent, both the fermented juice and seed cake extracts) stimulated type I procollagen synthesis and inhibited matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1; interstitial collagenase) production by dermal fibroblasts, but had no growth-supporting effect on keratinocytes. These results suggest heuristic potential of pomegranate fractions for facilitating skin repair in a polar manner, namely aqueous extracts (especially of pomegranate peel) promoting regeneration of dermis, and pomegranate seed oil promoting regeneration of epidermis."

    3. Skin Whitening Composition Containing Chia Seed Extract.
    Rana, Jatinder (Grand Rapids, MI, US), Diwakar, Ganesh (Grand Rapids, MI, US), Scholten, Jeffrey (Grand Rapids, MI, US), Publication Date:09/01/2011.

    "A topical composition includes an alcohol-extracted Salvia hispanica seed extract in a glycol carrier in an amount effective for inhibiting melanin content in an individual. The extract may be extracted in a C1-C4 ethanol and resuspended in a glycol carrier with one or more permeation enhancers. The topical composition may further include a Punica granatum extract. Methods for making and using the composition for whitening skin in an individual are also described."